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Historical Memorandum of College Campus Poems in 1980s (Excerpt)

已更新:2019年10月18日

Historical Memorandum of College Campus Poems in 1980s

2006-05-22 18:19:15 Written by Xylitol Reviewed by 249 people

Jiang Hongwei: In the course of new poem development in the 20th century in China, one period was widely recognized as the golden times of poems. Such fascinating, romantic and happy period…

Jiang Hongwei

In the course of new poem development in the 20th century in China, one period was widely recognized as the golden times of poems. Such fascinating, romantic and happy period was the 1980s, which was deemed as the classic era of poems featured by the greatest boom, prosperity, brilliance, splendor, openness, tolerance and freedom. Of all those who have created this Great Epoch of Poems during which many excellent poems and diversified schools came on, there were many college student poets who were active in writing poems and contributed to the development of Chinese new poems while studying on the campus. In 1977 when the Cultural Revolution came to an end, China resumed its college entrance exam. A large number of young people possessing ideals and talents were enrolled by universities and colleges. Having the same passion for poems, these college students, with the three flags, i.e., inspiring idealism, practical heroism and heart-touching romanticism held, gathered in the poem community in the 1980s. This strong force of college student poets consists of more than 100,000 people in four different groups, who triggered in the society, in the poem community and on the campus the unprecedented, sensational, far-reaching, extraordinary and effective poem movement. These groups of college poets, shining like stars, wrote excellent poems and poem comments. At the same time, they organized many poem societies in close collaboration with their passion, created a number of high-quality poem periodicals and newspapers with great talents, compiled many boutique poem selections with their efforts, and organized many poem-themed activities in diversified forms with their wisdom. Because of their wonderful performance in the college student poem movement, these groups of college student poets became the most fascinating and attractive scenery in the youth cultural campaign in the 1980s. More importantly, they have become the mainstream trend in the youth culture at that time, arousing strong and active feedback among the young people, and caused positive sensation in the society. Their achievements, even today, are impressive and unforgettable.

I. Overview of college campus poets

College campus poets in the 1980s are divided into four groups:

Group I refers to those college student poets enrolled in 1977 and 1978. And in this group, we have to admit that Ye Yanbin who was enrolled in literature & art editing major, Literature & Art Department, Beijing Broadcasting College in 1978 has the greatest capacity, achievement, influence and fame and the most works. Ye Yanbin was born in the city of Harbin on November 17, 1948, then followed his parents to South China and finished his intermediate education in Sichuan. In the beginning of 1969, Ye was deployed to Liqu Commune in Yan’an when all the educated young people in Chinese cities were called upon to go to the countryside. He began to work at the end of 1971 and took a few jobs in the military horse farm, army, civil factory, and performance troupe and government/Party agency. The posts he took included herdsman, publicity clerk, full-time Youth League Secretary, writer for performance troupe, and news release clerk, etc. After he was enrolled in the university in 1978, Ye Yanbin, in the most inspired and diligent way, published nearly 100 poems in a few influential periodicals including Yanhe River, Poem Journal, Beijing Literature, Star Poem Society, Sichuan Literature and Liberation Army Art. Because of his excellent poems, he was invited to take part in the first Youth Poem Meeting by Poem Journal. Since then, he has taken the important position in the community of young poets in China. His masterpiece is Nominal Mother published in Poem Journal, Volume 10 in 1980. The wonderful poem set featured by profound thinking, genuine emotions and original techniques aroused the great feedback and unanimous praise in China immediately after it was published. It won the recognition of the poet community and the favor from readers. At the same time, the poem set was awarded with the Award of Excellent New-styled Poem in the first awarding of middle-aged and young poets in China, making Ye Yanbin the first college student poet winning the highest award in China for his new-style poems. His other poems, such as I Was a Kid Then and Hundred Thousand Whys were widely recognized by the whole society. While in college, his poems also won some other prizes such as Beijing Literature Award and Feitian College Student Poet Award, making himself a model for all the college student poets in China. At the same time, there were 7 other college student poets who enjoyed the same fame as Ye Yanbin. They were Xu Jingya and Wang Xiaoni in the Department of Chinese Language of Jilin University enrolled in 1978, Gao Falin in the Department of Chinese Language of Wuhan University enrolled in 1977, Xu Xiaohe in Junior College-level Class of Physics of Hunan Xiangjiang Normal College enrolled in 1977, Sun Wujun of Zhejiang Zhoushan Junior Normal College enrolled in 1978, Luo Xiaoge in the Department of Chinese Language of Hunan Normal University enrolled in 1978 and Xu Guojing in the Department of Chinese Language of Northeast Normal University enrolled in 1978. Thanks to their outstanding performance in poem making, they were also invited to the first session of Youth Poem Meeting, thus becoming the representatives of the college student poets. Xu Jingya is not just a capable poet, but also an outstanding poem theorist and critic. His poems include Long March! Long March!, Don’t Blame My Eyebrows, Song of Early Spring, I Hate, To the Elderly and Soul of the Sea, which won the first Award of Composition by the Star Journal, and many other high-quality and influential excellent poems. Besides, while in college, he also wrote the quite controversial critic article Rising Poet Group, which caused great sensation in the poem community and the society as a whole while arousing great feedback. Because of this article, he became the most famous figure in the community of college student poets. Wang Xiaoni, most-brilliant woman poet in the community of college student poets, wrote the unique masterpiece poems with strong modern flavors such as I Feel the Sunlight, I Come from Mountains, I Have Lived Here and the Old Man in the Farm, which won great recognition in the community of poets. It is worth mentioning that Xu Jingya and Wang Xiaoni were not just classmates and peer poets. They got married after graduation because of their shared passion for poems, thus becoming a legendary couple in the community of poets. Gao Falin, whose masterpiece poem Answer won the Award of Excellent New-styled Poem in the first awarding of middle-aged and young poets in China, has great influence and fame. Xu Xiaohe, though majored in science, is quite talented as a poem. His poem, in South China Flows a River that Raises Us won him the great fame, influence and praise in the community of poets. Sun Wujun’s masterpieces such as Let’s Laugh and My Songs were favored by readers. Luo Xiaoge’s masterpiece Girl Loving Looking into the Mirror helped her win her position in the community of poets. Xu Guojing’s masterpieces I Wish and Whistle Blown with Willow Leaves were fresh and innocent, gaining her the great fame in the community of poets. Following Ye Yanbin, et al, a large number of college student poets also became famous. For instance, Zhao Lihong, a student in the Department of Chinese Language of East China Normal University, Shanghai enrolled in 1978, published many aesthetic and fresh poems in many newspapers and periodicals, thus gaining great attention and favor in the community of poets and among readers. Lv Guipin in the Department of Chinese Language of Jilin University enrolled in 1978 was the classmate of Xu Jingya and Wang Xiaoni, proved his prominent presence in the community of poets with his many unique and influential poems and won recognition and favor from readers and college student poets who had become famous before him. Wang Jiaxin in the Department of Chinese Language at Wuhan University enrolled in 1978, wrote such masterpieces as Running Bronze Horse and Hope Ship Is Pulling into Shore, which won great fame for him in the community of poets. Mei Shaojing in the Department of Chinese Language at Shaanxi University enrolled in 1977 had to leave school due to some illness in 1979. When in college, she published her narrative poem Lan Zhenzi, which was quite influential. Jiang Weiyang in the Department of Chinese Language at Anhui University enrolled in 1977, wrote a few masterpieces such as Faith and Golden Years that exerted great influence and won appreciation. Jidi Majia from ethnic group Yi, was the most famous college student poet in the minority ethnic group. He was a Chinese language major in the Southwest University for Nationalities enrolled in 1978. Born on June 23, 1961 in a family of government official in ethnic group Yi in Daliang Mountain, Jidi Majia wrote his masterpiece poem Self Portrait and Others won the First Prize in the literature & poem composition of ethnic groups. Because of its great influence, he became the representative of college student poets in minority ethnic groups. Cao Changqing, a student in the Department of Chinese Language of Heilongjiang University, enrolled in 1977, can not only write very good poems, but also write theoretical articles about poems with high academic value, just like Xu Jingya. With great talent and achievement, Cao collaborated with others in college to write a book entitled Skills of Poems about theories of poems. The book with more than 300,000 Chinese characters, after it was published by China Youth Press, became the best-selling book for that year in the community of poems. The book was so valued and cherished by the poem lovers that it was deemed as a must-read book for those loving poems and encouraged a generation of young people to become poets. Liu Li in the Department of Chinese Language of Hunan Normal University, enrolled in 1978, wrote his masterpiece Thatched Cottage, which won the Award of Excellent Poem for 1981-1982 by the Poem Journal. Besides, he was invited to the second session of Youth Poem Meeting. Cao Hanjun in the Department of Chinese Language of Anhui University enrolled in 1978, wrote his masterpiece Life Rhapsody: A Declaration of Fire Thief. Shen Tianhong in the Department of Chinese Language of Anhui University enrolled in 1978, wrote his masterpiece Tollrope and Faith. Sun Xiaogang in the Department of Chinese Language of Fudan University enrolled in 1978, wrote his masterpiece Blue Sky. Wang Ziliang in the Department of Chinese Language of Hangzhou University enrolled in 1978, wrote his masterpiece On the Seaside. All these four poets were invited to the second session of Youth Poet Meeting. Han Dong in the Department of Philosophy of Shandong University enrolled in 1978, who has great talent for poems, wrote his masterpieces including People Living in Mountains, Untitled and Others and other poems with unique styles. He had great influence in the community of poets and some of his poems won the First Prize awarded by the Youth. The other famous college student poets active in early 1980s in writing poems include Lu Jian in the Department of Literature & Art of Beijing Broadcasting College enrolled in 1978, who won the first Feitian Poem Award for College Students, and Xu Hui, a female college student in the Department of Chinese Language of Sichuan University enrolled in 1978. Her masterpiece A Bundle of Poem Flowers won the first Star Award of Poem Composition. And there were many other famous poets in this stage, including Ma Li in the Department of Chinese Language of Sun Yat-Sen University enrolled in 1977, Hu Ping in the Department of Chinese Language of Fudan University enrolled in 1977, Piao Kangping in the Department of Chinese Language of Peking University enrolled in 1978, Yi Dianxuan in the Department of Chinese Language of Henan Normal University enrolled in 1977, Zhang Jianhua in the Department of Chinese Language of Sichuan Daxian County Junior Normal College enrolled in 1978, Cao Jian in the Department of Chinese Language of Jiangsu Yangzhou Normal College enrolled in 1978, Zhuo Fan in the Department of Chinese Language of Jiangxi Normal University enrolled in 1978, Qian Chaoying in the Department of Chinese Language of South China Normal College enrolled in 1977, Li Qi in the Department of Chinese Language of Harbin Normal University enrolled in 1978, Peng Guoliang in Lingling Branch Insitute of Hunan Normal University enrolled in 1978, He Ping and Sun Yujie in the Department of Chinese Language of Heilongjiang University enrolled in 1977, Jiang Shiyuan in the Department of Chinese Language of Anhui University enrolled in 1978, Han Xia and Cui Heng in the Department of Chinese Language of Northwest Normal College enrolled in 1978, Zhang Ye in the Department of Library, School of Literature, Shanghai University enrolled in 1978, Bai Hua in the Department of English, Guangzhou College of Foreign Studies enrolled in 1978, Liu Renyun in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui Normal University enrolled in 1977, Dai Dakui and Li Qigang in the Department of Chinese Language, East China Normal University, enrolled in 1977 and 1978 respectively, Li Hong in the Department of Chinese Language, Hangzhou University enrolled in 1978, Li Jianhua, the female student in the Department of Chinese Language, Shanxi University enrolled in 1977, Ding Dang in Shaanxi College of Finance and Economics enrolled in 1977, Deng Wanpeng and Zheng Daoyuan in Northeast Normal University enrolled in 1978, Xue Weimin in the Department of Chinese Language, Jilin Siping Normal College, Ma Hesheng in the Department of Chinese Language, Harbin Normal University, and Wu Jiaxiang from a certain college, etc.

Group II of college student poets refers to those enrolled in colleges or universities in 1979 and 1980. And in this group, we have to admit that Xu Demin who was enrolled in 1979 in the Department of Economics of Fudan University in Shanghai has the greatest capacity, achievement, influence and fame and the most works. He was born in a common family and graduated from junior high school in 1969. In 1970, he went to the countryside in Jiangxi Province. In 1975, Xu continued his schooling in a technical secondary school and went to work as an accountant in a factory in Jiujiang after graduation. In 1979, he was enrolled in the Department of Economics of Fudan University. When studying in the university, Xu showed his excellent talent in writing poems, which were featured by great innovation and refreshing quality. The poem A Young Man Repairing Watches and Clocks published in Volume 2 of Poem Journal in 1982 won him the great fame as a college student poet. And this poem won the Award of Excellent Poem for 1981-1982 by the Poem Journal. Besides, his poem set The Purple Sea Stars won the First-term Award of Shanghai Literature. Because of his outstanding performance in poem writing, Xu was invited to the second session of Youth Poem Meeting held by the Poem Journal, thus becoming the most famous college student poet at that time. Seven other college student poets as renown as Xu Demin included Song Lin in the Department of Chinese Language, Shanghai East China Normal University enrolled in 1979, Qian Yeyong in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui Normal University enrolled in 1980, Yu Jian in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan University enrolled in 1980, Ye Liuchuan (with Jian Ning as his pen name) in the Department of Engineering Thermal Physics, University of Science and Technology of China enrolled in 1980, Feng Xincheng in the Department of Chinese Language, Lanzhou University enrolled in 1980, Zhou Tongxin in the Department of Chinese Language, Shanxi University enrolled in 1980, and Zhai Yongming, a female college student in Chengdu Telecom Engineering College enrolled in 1980. Song Lin is a talented college student poet with quick mind, original poem language and profound meaning. His masterpiece Chinese Door Plate: 1983 became a masterpiece poem, winning great fame for him. Qian Yeyong was talented when he was still young and produced far-reaching influence as a poet. His masterpiece Yangtze River, My River in the Heart was presented in the second session of Youth Poem Meeting. Yu Jian was also a genius and gifted poet. His poem To Younger Brother Yao Fei and many other poems were quite popular because of the unique styles. He once won the Feitian Award for College Student Poets, retaining his important position in the community of poets till today. The poem Sea of the Daughter created by Jian Ning won the Feitian Award for College Student Poets and his masterpiece Dance of Dragon Lantern was widely praised and recognized in the community of poets. Feng Xincheng had outstanding talents for poems and unique styles. His poem Summer on the Sun Island was featured by fresh style, charm and elegance, which was highly praised by his peers. Zhou Tongxin wrote his masterpiece I Clean My Bike in Early Morning and I Walk to the Library in the Morning, which won him great fame after they were published in the Poem Journal and the Star Poem Journal. Zhai Yongming’s poems carried great awareness of modern women, producing distinctive influence and brought her great fame in the community of poets.

In the arena of college student poets in the 1980s, there were three teams of poets who were powerful and influential. These three teams refer to the poet teams in Fudan University, East China Normal University and Jilin University. Representatives in East China Normal University poet team included Zhang Xiaobo in the Department of Education enrolled in 1980, whose masterpieces included Season of Dreams and International Fashion Color, etc; Xu Fang in the Department of Chinese Language enrolled in 1980 whose masterpiece was Clover; Zhang Liming and Yu Kuichao in the Department of Chinese Language enrolled in 1979 and Zheng Jie, Lin Xiqian, Chen Minghua and Yu Rongjian, etc. in the Department of Chinese Language enrolled in 1980. Representatives in the Fudan University poet team included Li Binyong in the Department of International Politics enrolled in 1979 whose masterpieces We Went to the Dorm of Girl Classmates on the Weekends and Waltz of Youth were popular on the campus. Besides, his classmates Zhuo Songsheng, Han Yun and Zhang Zhen were also quite talented in poems. The representatives of Jilin University poet team included Bao Linxuan in the Department of Philosophy enrolled in 1980 whose poems were full of talent. His masterpieces such as Poets and Poet Friends were written in a genius way and became quite popular and influential in the period. Su Liming in the Department of Economics enrolled in 1980 wrote many influential and quality poems. Of all the college student poets in Group II whose poems produced far-reaching influence, there were also some other poets including Yang Chuanqing in the Department of Chinese Language, Heilongjiang University enrolled in 1980. He not only had great gift for poems, but also the excellent moral quality. Except for the wonderful poems, Yang also wrote influential theoretical articles. His poem masterpieces included Statue of One Generation and Prelude to the Soul. His article masterpieces included Buds of Poems Blossom on the Campus and poem critic articles in collaboration with Pan Xichen commenting on poem writing by college student poets and advocating campus poem style were published in the Contemporary Trend of Thought in Literature Art in 1983. It produced far-reaching influence and won great fame for him in the community of poets. Besides, Zhang Zixuan in the Department of Education, Northwest Normal University enrolled in 1979, wrote quite distinctive and praise-winning poems describing the West China. The other famous college student poets active in the arena included Zhang Deqiang in the Department of Chinese Language, Zhejiang University enrolled in 1979, Lin Xue and her classmates Liu Xingyu, Dong Xueren and Dong Yufeng in the Department of Chinese Language, Liaoning Normal University enrolled in 1979, Liu Weiguo (with Lao Mu as his pen name) in the Department of Chinese Language, Peking University enrolled in 1980, Xiao Jun in the Department of Biology, Shandong University enrolled in 1979, Fei Ke in the Department of Chinese Language, Lanzhou University enrolled in 1980, Wang Yin in the Department of Chinese Language, Shanghai Normal University enrolled in 1980, Chen Dongdong in the Department of Chinese Language, Shanghai Normal University enrolled in 1980, Lu Yimin in the Department of Chinese Language, Shanghai Normal University enrolled in 1980, Cheng Guangwei in the Department of Chinese Language, Henan University enrolled in 1979, Fang Wen in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui Normal University enrolled in 1980, Li Guangwu in the Department of Chinese Language, Harbin Normal University enrolled in 1979, Yang Ke in the Department of Chinese Language, Guangxi University enrolled in 1979, Huang Yunhe in the Department of Chinese Language, Northeast Normal University enrolled in 1980, Chen Huifang in the Department of Chinese Language, Hunan Xiangtan University enrolled in 1980, Tang Yuanfeng in Junior College Class, Heilongjiang Art School enrolled in 1980, Tian Jiapeng in the Department of Chinese Language, Southwest Normal College enrolled in 1979, Tang Yuesheng in Hubei Jianghan Petro College enrolled in 1980, Luo Yihe in the Department of Chinese Language, Peking University enrolled in 1979, Hai Zi in the Department of Laws, Peking University enrolled in 1979, Yang Zhengguang in the Department of Chinese Language, Northwest University enrolled in 1979, Pu Min in the Department of Chinese Language, Lanzhou University enrolled in 1980, Xi Chuan in the Department of English, Peking University enrolled in 1980, Sun Jialin in the Department of Political Education, Jiangxi Normal College enrolled in 1979, Li Guangwu in the Department of Chinese Language, Harbin Normal University enrolled in 1979, Dao Zi in an unknown college enrolled in 1979, Yu Yue in an unknown college enrolled in 1979, Zhu Lingbo in an unknown college enrolled in 1980, Song Qingping in Shanghai Normal University, Wang Wei in Tsinghua University, Nan Ye in the Department of Chinese Language, Inner Mongolia University, and Wu Xiaodong in the Department of Chinese Language, Harbin Normal University enrolled in 1980.

Group III refers to the college student poets enrolled in 1981, 1982 or 1983. And in this group, we have to admit that Pan Xichen who was enrolled in 1982 in the Department of Chinese Language, Harbin Normal University has the greatest capacity, achievement, influence and fame and the most works. He was born in Zhaoyuan County in Heilongjiang Province in 1963 and was enrolled in Harbin Normal University in 1982. Pan loved poems and worked hard on them. As a leader of college student poets, Pan had great personal and leadership charisma as well as organizing capacity. Thanks to his gift for poems, Pan published more than 100 poems, critic articles and reportages in China Youth Daily, Green Breeze, Young Poets, Poem Waving, Poem Forest and Chinese Contemporary Trend of Thought in Literature Art. His poems were profound and emotional. His masterpiece Let’s See the Sea in June was amazing and won the first Running Horse Award by Green Breeze poem journal. It was popular in the Chinese universities and colleges and became the poem written by college student poets that retains its popularity till today, which was rarely seen among all poems by them. Pan Xichen not only wrote outstanding poems, but also composed poem critic articles that have far-reaching influence. His most famous article about Taiwan Campus Songs and Mainland China Poems in collaboration with Yang Chuanqing aroused great sensation in the arena of college student poets after it was published in 1983 on the Chinese Contemporary Trend of Thought in Literature Art. The article won the unanimous praise from all college student poets. Pan Xichen became the most famous college student poet in his time also because he made many records in the arena of college student poets. The first record was that in 1983 he compiled the first poem selection of college student poets Poem Selection of Contemporary Chinese College Students, the first of its kind in the history of Chinese poems. The book was published by North Literature & Art Press, which became the best-selling one in the community of college student poets. The second record he made was that Pan published two poem selections, namely, Passionate Sky and Journey, which aroused great attention and made him a college student poet publishing most personal poem selections at that time. The third record was that Pan initiated and established the first inter-college student poet organization in China, Heilongjiang College Student Poem Academy with great influence. The fourth record was that Pan compiled the first College Student Poem Journal, which is now the sole poem journal published for college students in China. It caused great sensation in the society and on campus. Because of these brilliant achievements, Pan Xichen was recognized as the leader in the arena of college student poets in his time. A few other college student poets enjoyed the same renown as Pan Xichen, including Cheng Baolin in the Department of Journalism, Renmin University of China enrolled in 1981, Fu Liang in the Department of Chinese Language, Fudan University in Shanghai enrolled in 1981, Yi Dian in the Department of Chinese Language, Zhejiang Huzhou Junior Normal College enrolled in 1983, Yuan Chao and Zha Jielian in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui Normal University enrolled in 1981, Hu Wanjun in the Department of Chinese Language, Southwest Normal College enrolled in 1981, Shang Zhongmin in the Department of Electro-mechanics, Chongqing University enrolled in 1981, Peng Guoliang in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan Normal University enrolled in 1981, Liu Xin in the Department of Industrial and Civil Architecture in Jiangxi, East China Jiaotong University enrolled in 1982, and Lu Shaoping in the Department of Chinese Language, Heilongjiang University enrolled in 1983, etc. The poems of Cheng Baolin were quite distinctive and he enjoyed great fame in the arena of college student poets in his time. His masterpiece Incoming Rainy Season was quite popular on and beyond the campus. The talented poet Fu Liang earned great fame for his campus poems and urban poems while enjoying great fame and praise among the young people. Yi Dian became famous for his Young Factory Worker and New Director and My Good Brother in the Countryside, which were published in the Poem Journal and won great attention in the arena of poets. Yuan Chao and Zha Jielian had unique poem styles and talents. They captured great attention from the community of college student poets. Hu Wanjun wrote poems with rich connotations and refreshing styles which were favored by readers. Shang Zhongmin was the influential poet writing both poems and critic articles in his time. His poem masterpiece was Karl Marx and critic article masterpiece was About College Student Poem School – Destructive Breakthrough in Aesthetic Notions of Realistic Poems in collaboration with Yan Xiaodong in Chongqing Normal College made the greatest sensation in the poem arena in and outside China. Peng Guoliang wrote refreshing and meaningful poems that produced great influence because of the evident personality shown in them. Liu Xin composed charming and touching poems that won great praise. His masterpieces A Prose Poem and a Novelette and The 20th Red Moon had profound impact and brought great fame to him as a poet. Lu Shaoping was a female poet with wonderful talent for poems and excellent poem quality. The love poems that were refreshing, fascinating and moving became the poems that were most popular and influential among college students in her time. Because of this, she became one of the best female college student poets at that time. Of course, in Group III, there were many other famous college student poets including Shen Hongfei in the Department of Chinese Language, Guangzhou Jinan University enrolled in 1981, Lu Lu and Zhang Ruifeng in the Department of Chinese Language, Shanxi University enrolled in 1983, Yan Xiaodong in Chongqing Normal College enrolled in 1981, Yu Ling in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui University enrolled in 1981, Liu Meng in Nanjing Institute of Technology enrolled in 1982, Zhang Jiawen in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan University enrolled in 1982, Jiang Di in the Department of Mechanics, Hunan University enrolled in 1981, Zhang Feng in Zhejiang Medical University enrolled in 1981, Zang Di in the Department of Chinese Language, Peking University enrolled in 1983, Xiong Hong in the Department of Journalism, Huazhong University of Science and Technology enrolled in 1982, Li Feng in the Department of Chinese Language, Harbin Normal University enrolled in 1982, Wang Xueying and Su Xianzhong in the Department of Chinese Language, Harbin Junior Normal College enrolled in 1981, Yang Liuhong, the female student in the Department of Demography, Renmin University of China enrolled in 1982, Chen Shouxing in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui Normal University enrolled in 1982, Hong Ke in the Department of Chinese Language, Shaanxi Baoji Normal College enrolled in 1982, Xu Baojian in the Department of Chinese Language, Heilongjiang University enrolled in 1981, Sha Bihong and Wang Yonghong in the Department of Chinese Language, Heilongjiang University enrolled in 1982, Huang Canran in the Department of Chinese Language, Guangzhou Jinan University enrolled in 1981, Zhao Ye in the Department of Foreign Languages, Sichuan University enrolled in 1981, Tao Wenyu in the Department of Chinese Language, Suzhou University enrolled in 1981, Liu Yali in the Department of Chinese Language, Shaanxi Yulin Junior Normal College enrolled in 1983, Lei Pingyang in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan Zhaotong Junior Normal College enrolled in 1983, Yin Hong in the Department of History, Jiangxi Normal University enrolled in 1981, Zhang Wei and Jia Zhijian in the Department of Chinese Language, Yanbian University enrolled in 1983, Miao Qiang and Ren Minkai in the Department of Chinese Language, Lanzhou University enrolled in 1982, Zhu Mengliang and Zhu Fengming in the Department of Chinese Language and the Department of Geography, Anhui Normal University enrolled in 1982, Fu Tiecheng and Qiu Zhenglun in the Department of Chinese Language, Southwest Normal College enrolled in 1981, Xu Xiaoyang in the Department of Chinese Language, Heilongjiang Daqing Junior Normal College enrolled in 1981, Qin Lige in the Department of Chinese Language, Zhengzhou University enrolled in 1983, Sun Changjian in the Department of Chinese Language, Zhejiang Huzhou Junior Normal College enrolled in 1983, Chen Kai in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan Jianghan University enrolled in 1983, Han Wenge in the Department of Chinese Language, Hebei University enrolled in 1983, Zhu Mengliang in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui Normal University enrolled in 1982, Ye Haiyan in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui Normal University enrolled in 1981, Liu Jianmin in Jilin Yanbian Normal University, Liang Ping in the Department of Chinese Language, Sichuan Jiangjin Junior Normal College, Yan Guangming in Sichuan Daxian County Junior Normal College, Ma Zhu in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University, Gao Xiang in the Department of Chinese Language, Nanjing University, Zhou Zhongling in Southwest Normal College, Zhang Zao in Sichuan College of Foreign Studies, Zhou Chunlai in the Department of Chinese Language, Northeast Normal University, Li Yuansheng in the Department of Electro-mechanics, Chongqing University, Liu Yang in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan Normal University, and Feng Jinyan in Benxi Junior Normal College, etc.

The Group IV refers to the college student poets enrolled in 1984, 1985 or 1986. And in this group, we have to admit that Hong Zhu who was enrolled in 1985 in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University has the greatest capacity, achievement, influence and fame and the most works. Hong Zhu, whose original name was Wang Jun, was born in Nanjing on May 28, 1967. In 1982 when he was still in the senior high school, Hong Zhu published his first poem in Nanjing Daily. In 1985, he was enrolled by the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University free of exam because he had published more than 100 poems in newspapers and periodicals and won multiple awards in Newspaper of Literature, Youth Daily, and Newspaper of Chinese Language. Between 1986 and 1989, he published many excellent poems in Poem Journal, Stars and Newspaper of Poems, etc. In this period, he also published his poem selection Blue Puppy Love (Youth Poem Books by Hubei Writers Association), thus becoming the representative of college student poets. The college student poets who enjoyed the same fame as Hong Zhu included Li Shaojun in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University enrolled in 1985, Xiao Hai in the Department of Chinese Language, Nanjing University enrolled in 1985, Yi Sha in Beijing Normal University enrolled in 1985, Zhong Dao in Harbin Normal University enrolled in 1985, Xu Jiang in Beijing Normal University enrolled in 1985, Hou Ma in Beijing Normal University enrolled in 1985, Sang Ke in Beijing Normal University enrolled in 1985, Shi Tao in the Department of Chinese Language, East China Normal University, Yan Ying in the Department of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University enrolled in 1985, Chen Xianfa in the Department of Chinese Language, Fudan University enrolled in 1985, Ge Mai in the Department of Chinese Language, Peking University enrolled in 1985, Zhang Zhihao in Huazhong Normal College enrolled in 1984, Luo Bing in the Department of Russian Language, Peking University, Ye Zhou and Tang Xin in Northwest Normal University, Qiu Huadong in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University, Zhu Beibei and Han Guoqiang in the Department of Chinese Language, Fudan University, Hai in Yunnan Kunming Junior Normal College and Sun Daorong in the Department of Chinese Language, Anhui University enrolled in 1984, etc.

II. Overview of College Student Poem Societies

In the 1980s, the college student poem societies were classified into two types.

The first type involves poem societies and literature societies organized by poem lovers in the college or university. Of all the poem societies established by the students in the college or university, three societies that were established earliest and had the greatest influence and largest number of poets were Heart of Compatriots Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Jilin University, Fudan Poem Society in Fudan University in Shanghai, and Summer Rain Poem Society in East China Normal University in Shanghai. The Heart of Compatriots Poem Society was established in 1979 by 7 elites including Xu Jingya, Wang Xiaoni and Lv Guipin, et al. Fudan Poem Society was established in 1981 with Xu Demin as the director and had more than 100 members such as Fu Liang, Li Binyong, Sun Xiaogang, Zhuo Songsheng and Zhang Zhen. Rain Water Poem Society in East China Poem Society was founded in 1982 with Song Lin as the director and included 114 members such as Zhang Xiaobo, Yu Kuichao, Li Qigang, Xu Fang, Zhang Liming, Chen Minghua, Yu Rongjian, Lin Xiqian and Zheng Jie, et al. In the 1980s, there were many other poem societies or literature societies famous in the arena of college student poets including Big Dipper Literature Society in Harbin Normal University headed by Pan Xichen, Ice Sail Poem Society in Heilongjiang University headed by Yang Chuanqing, Cloud Wave Poem Society and Pole Star Literature Society in Jilin University headed by Su Liming and Bao Linxuan respectively, Maple Poem Society in Renmin University of China headed by Cheng Baolin, May the Fourth Literature Society in Peking University headed by Lao Mu, New Leaves Literature Society in Liaoning Normal College headed by Liu Xingyu, Poem Society of Anhui Normal University headed by Yuan Chao, May Poem Society in Southwest Normal College headed by Hu Wanjun, North China Poem Society in Shanxi University headed by Lu Lu, Cloud Sail Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Shandong University headed by Yang Zhengguang, Ginkgo Literature Society in Yunnan University headed by Yu Jian and Zhang Jiawen successively, Distance Poem Society in Zhejiang Huzhou Junior Normal College headed by Yi Dian, South Garden Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Nanjing University, headed by Gao Xiang, and Stone in Waves Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University, headed by Ma Zhu. In addition, some other poem or literature societies that were influential in the arena of college student poets included Solar Wind Poem Society in Beijing Normal University, Plough Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan University, Star Light Literature Society in Chongqing University, Poem Society in Lanzhou University, Poem Society in Northwest Normal College, Brilliant Color Poem Society in Tsinghua University, Riverside Poem Society in University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Yiduo Poem Society in Shandong University, Blue Wave Poem Society in Shanghai Normal University, North Pole Poem Society in Nanjing Institute of Technology, Sun Island Poem Society in Harbin Junior Normal College, Summer Rain Poem Society in Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Starry Sky Poem Society in Chongqing Normal College, Wild Grass Poem Society in East China Jiaotong University, Sail Shadow Poem Society in Hunan University, Wilderness Wind Poem Society in Hebei Normal University, Thorns Poem Society in Heilongjiang Daqing Junior Normal College, Nen River Poem Society in Qiqihaer Normal College, Redbud Poem Society in Guangzhou Sun Yat-sen University, Poem Society in Hebei University, Inch Grass Poem Society in Shanghai Jiaotong University, Morning Boat Poem Society in Shanghai Tongji University, Heaven Pool Society in Jilin Yanbian University, Riverside Poem Society in Shanghai Mechanic College, Yiduo Literature Society and Flowing Currents Literature Society in Yunnan Normal University, Rainy Season Poem Society in Guizhou University, Zhengrong Poem Society in Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Morning Bell Poem Society in Hangzhou University, Poem Society in Beijing Normal University, Wilderness Poem Society in Chongqing University, Fragrant Grass Literature Society of Lingling Branch Institute, Hunan Normal University, Blue Wave Poem Society in Fujian Normal University, Cloud Sail Poem Society in Harbin Institute of Technology, Flowers Poem Society and Long Wind Poem Society in Sichuan Normal University, Southern Peak Poem Society in Fujian College of Forestry, Willow Man Poem Society and Spring Wave Poem Society in Jiangsu Xuzhou Normal College, Cradle Poem Society in Hubei Huazhong Normal University, Poem Society in Shaanxi Normal University, April Poem Society in Shandong Art College, Young Dragon Poem Society in Shandong University, Green Poem Society in Guangdong South China Agriculture University, Guizi Mountain Poem Society in Hubei Huazhong Normal College, Pool Side Poem Society in Zhejiang Agriculture University, Alumni Poem Society in Chengdu University of Science and Technology, Luojia Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University, Poem Society in Guangxi Normal University, Feather Sail Poem Society in Henan University, Star Dust Poem Society in China University of Political Science and Law, Galaxy Poem Society in Taiyuan Mechanic College, Rotating Ladder Poem Society in Hunan Xiangtan University, North Light Literature Society in Northeast Normal University, Literature Association in Harbin Normal University, Hurricane Poem Society in Harbin Normal University, Morning Music Poem Society in Inner Mongolia National Normal College, Green Field Poem Society in Inner Mongolia Zhaomeng Junior Normal College, Blue Flag Poem Society in Jiamusi Polytechnic College, Cuckoo Poem Society in Jiangsu Huaiyin Junior Normal College, Tower Shadow Poem Society in Anhui Wannan Medical College, Wild Goose Voice Literature Society in Anhui University, Green Musical Instrument Poem Society in Wuhan PLA Telecom College, March Poem Society in Anhui Fuyang Normal College, Bamboo Shoot Poem Society in Jiangxi Duchang Normal College, Green Garden Poem Society in Henan Luoyang Junior College of Construction Materials, Clean Pool Poem Society in Zhengzhou University, Literature and Art Society in Zhengzhou University, Divine Land Poem Society in Hebei Normal College, Willow Flute Poem Society in Zhejiang Medical University, Stars Poem Society in Hangzhou Normal College, Blue Flame Poem Society in Jiangsu Xuzhou Normal College, Xiaoya Literature Society in Jilin University of Science and Technology, Rain Forest Literature Society in Guizhou Zunyi Junior Normal College, Rainbow Poem Society in Heilongjiang Junior College of Finance, Spring Light Poem Society in Harbin Electro-mechanic Junior College, Spring Stream Poem Society in Harbin Junior College of Construction Materials, Flute Poem Society in Harbin Ship Engineering College, Garden Poem Society in Heilongjiang Hulan Junior Normal College, Distance Poem Society in Henan Xinyang Normal College, Taibai Literature Society in Chongqing Jiangjin Junior Normal College, Xinjiang People Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Xinjiang University, Morning Light Poem Society in Shanxi Taiyuan Institute of Technology, White Cloud Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan Jianghan University, Ink Sea Poem Society in Hebei Coal College of Architecture and Engineering, Xiangling Literature Society in Hunan University of Science and Technology, Horse Poem Society in Ningxia Yinchuan Junior Normal College, Dragonfly Poem Society in Anhui Wuhu Junior Normal College, Green Wave Literature Society in Southwest Normal University, Morning Bell Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Hebei University, Venus Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Sichuan University, Sacred Sword Literature Society in Jiangsu Suzhou Medical College, Love Trend Literature Society in Guangxi College for Nationalities, Yellow Sea Waves Poem Society in Jiangsu Yancheng Junior Normal College, Green Plant Poem Society in North China Power College, Green Island Poem Society in Xi’an Jiaotong University, Summer Literature Society in Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Tsui Wah Literature Society in Xi’an Road College, Literature Society in Northwest Normal College, Star Grass Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Hubei Jingzhou Junior Normal College, Month 13 Poem Society in Renmin University of China, Literature Society in Zhejiang Normal University and Star Sea Poem Society in Liaoning Normal University, etc.

The second type was federations of poem lovers. Of all the organizations established by poem lovers from different colleges and universities, Heilongjiang Poem Academy of College Student Poets was established earliest and had the greatest influence. The Academy was founded in August 1984 with 620 members. Pan Xichen, the famous college student poet was the first director general of the Academy. And Chongqing United Poem Society of College Students was also quite influential. This United Poem Society was founded in January 1985 with 1,000 members. There were also some other college student poem federations including North Land Poem Federation in Shanxi University, Federation of Poems of Beijing College Students, Poem Academy of Gansu College Students, Poem Academy of Fujian College Students, Federation of College Student Poets of Shanghai, Poem Academy of Youth in Northwest Normal University, Shanghai Poem Association of Young College Students, Poem Association of Hubei Universities and Colleges, Chinese College Students Literature Federation and Trans-provincial Campus Poet Federation with Zhong Dao from Harbin Normal University as the director, which included many famous college student poets such as Hong Zhu and Yi Sha.

III. Publications of College Students’ Poem Collections

In the 1980s, the college students’ poem selections and collections were divided into three types.

The first type refers to the poem selections composed by college student poem societies. The most influential one was Sea Stars – Lyric Poetry Selection by College Students, which was compiled by Fudan Poem Society in 1983 and published by Fudan University Press with Xu Demin as the Chief Editor and the best poems of Xu Demin, Sun Xiaogang, Li Binyong, Zhang Zhen, Zhuo Songsheng and Fu Liang included, who were all members of poem societies in Fudan University. As the first poem selection of college student poets, 37,000 copies were printed for the first edition and exerted great influence. Besides, the Solar River, another poem selection of college students, was compiled and printed in 1984 by Fudan Poem Society; Selection of Contemporary Chinese College Student Poets was compiled and printed by May the Fourth Literature Society in Beijing Normal University and edited by Ma Zhaoyang in 1987, College Poem Selection was compiled by the Poem Society in Renmin University of China and edited by Yu Shui in 1986; Go out of Wilderness was compiled by May the Fourth Literature Society in Beijing Normal University and edited by Ma Zhaoyang in 1988; Poem Selection of Students in Anhui Normal University was compiled and printed by River South Poem Society in Anhui Normal University; Poem Selection of College Students in Heilongjiang Province and Poem Selection of Chinese College Student Poets were edited by Zhong Dao, a student in Harbin Normal University; Poem Selection of One-Many Poem Society was compiled and printed by Shandong University and Selection of College Students’ Poems was compiled and printed by May the Fourth Literature Society in Peking University.

The second type refers to the poem selections of college students published and distributed by registered publishing houses or presses. In this type, the most influential one was the Poem Selection of Contemporary College Students, which was edited by the famous college student poet Pan Xichen and published by North Art and Literature Press in 1983. This selection contained the poems of nearly 100 famous college student poets in China, which aroused the greatest sensation in the arena of college student poets. And the other such selections included Autumns Leaves Become Red – Poem Selection of Campus Poets, which was edited by the famous college student poets Ye Yanbin and Wei Zhiyuan and published by Hunan Education Press in March 1987; Poem Trend of College Students in the New Period, which was published by Henan University Press in May 1986; Best Selection of Lyric Poems by Contemporary College Students published by Sichuan University Press in 1987; Selection of College Students published by Spring Wind Literature & Art Press in 1986, Poem Selection of Contemporary College Students edited by Wei Yunxiang and Cen Yuzhen and published by Guangxi Nationalities Publishing House in 1989; Selection of Contemporary Chinese Campus Poems, which was published by China Writers Publishing House and edited by Ma Zhaoyang and included the poems written by college students of academism enrolled between 1977 and 1986; Selection of Prose Poems by Contemporary College Students and Say Goodbye to 20th Century – Poem Selection in Contemporary Mainland China (contained poems by college students between 1979 and 1988), which were published by Guangxi Nationalities Publishing House in 1988 and edited by Nong Yun. And the other selections included the Book 1 of College Student Poem Selections edited and published by Feitian Magazine in 1988, which included 1,102 poems written by 560 college student poets from more than 300 colleges and universities. It was the largest poem selection of college students in the 1980s.

The third type refers to the poem selections of relief printing paid by college student poets on themselves. The first selection of this type was printed by Cheng Baolin in the Department of Journalism, Renmin University of China enrolled in 1981. Incoming Rainy Season published by him in 1984 was the first self-paid poem selection of college student. Xie Mian, the famous poem critic, wrote the preface to the selection, which made great sensation in that year and encouraged college student poets to publish poem selections on their own. And Pan Xichen published most poem selections that had greatest influence on his own. In 1985, he published his first selection of poems and critic articles entitled Emotional Sky. In 1986, he published the second lyric poem selection Process. Both of these two selections published more than 10,000 copies, which sparked the strong and influential “Pan Xichen Whirl” in the society and in Chinese colleges and universities. These two selections won unanimous praise from all communities. Pan Xichen not only published poem selections, but also edited Poem Selection of Campus Poets in the 1980s – The Dreaming Age, which included the best poems by 15 famous college student poets at that time such as Cheng Baolin, Yi Dian, Feng Xincheng, Zhang Xiaobo, Yu Jian, Peng Guoliang, Yang Chuanqing, Fei Ke, Qian Yeyong, Xu Fang, Fu Liang, Yuan Chao, Hu Wanjun, Jian Ning and Pan Xichen. After the poem selection was published, it caused great influence and became popular on and outside campus. Other self-paid poem selections published by college students included Baisha Island, which was the first one collaborated by male and female college student poets. It was published by Su Liming of Jilin University enrolled in 1980 and Yang Liuhong in Renmin University of China enrolled in 1982. In this poem selection edited by Cheng Baolin, there was a famous slogan: go to the Baisha Island and take your beloved poem selection and charming girlfriend. The slogan became very famous on campus in that year. No God in the North, which was edited by the famous college student poets Yi Dian, Yu Jian and Cheng Baolin and published by five college student poets in Jilin Province, i.e., Bao Linxuan, Su Liming, Huang Yunhe, Zhu Lingbo and Li Meng, was praised unanimously by poem lovers. The lyric poem selection Young Boys and Girls Walking in Water published by Liu Xin of East China Jiaotong University enrolled in 1982, after it was published in September 1985, became quite popular on campus and won great favor from college students. The love poem selection Loving Heart of a Female College Student, whose poems were composed by Lu Shaoping in Heilongjiang University enrolled in 1983 when he was in college, won long-time popularity and praise from college students after it was published by Guangxi Nationalities Publishing House. Other self-paid poem selections of college students included Heavy Rain which contained the poems of Zang Di, Qing Ping, Mai Mang and Xu Yong in Peking University enrolled in 1987; Explanation by Luo Bing in the Department of Russian Language, Peking University enrolled in 1984; Wind Is Talking to You by Zhong Dao in Harbin Normal University enrolled in 1985, Midnight Snow and Untitled (in collaboration with others) by Sang Ke in Beijing Normal University enrolled in 1985; Blue Puppy Love by Hong Zhu in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University enrolled in 1985; Solar Rain by Qin Lige in the Department of Chinese Language, Zhengzhou University enrolled in 1983; My Deep Lake by Zhang Wei in the Department of Chinese Language, Yanbian University enrolled in 1983, Young World by Jia Zhijian and Colorful Season by Jin Xuequan, etc.

IV. Poem Newspapers and Periodicals of College Students

In the 1980s, there were three types of poem newspapers and periodicals of college students.

The first type refers to the poem newspapers and periodicals created by large inter-college societies. In this type, the most influential one was College Student Poem Arena (16mo in relief printing), which was founded by Heilongjiang Poem Federation of College Students and edited by Pan Xichen in the Department of Chinese Language, Harbin Normal University, who was the leader of college student poets. It was the first poem periodical of college students since the PRC was founded. Having the greatest influence in the 1980s, it played an important role in promoting campus poem composition in the 1980s. It was widely known as the “No. 1 periodical in college student poem arena in the 1980s”. College Student Poem News (octavo and 4 pages in relief printing; quarto in 4 pages) was established by Chongqing College Student United Poem Society, which consisted of nearly 20 college student poem societies and literature societies in Chongqing in March 1985 and edited by Yan Xiaodong, Zhang Jianming, Qiu Zhenglun and Shang Zhongmin. Because it advocated “college student poem school” and published many poems of college student poets, it aroused great sensation in the arena of college student poems in China, thus pushing forward development of poem composition by college students. Thanks to its achievements, it was praised as the “No. 1 news of college student poem arena in the 1980s”. Besides, other poem news and periodicals that aroused far-reaching influence in the community of college student poems included This Generation poem journal collaborated by poem lovers in Wuhan University, Jilin University and Peking University; Chinese Contemporary Poems established by Poet Federation of Sichuan College Student Poets in March 1986 (16mo in relief printing); We poem journal established by Youth Poem Academy of Northwest Normal University in 1980; Modern Poem News established by United Poem Society of Chongqing College Students and edited by Zheng Danyi in Southwest Normal University in 1985; and South Cross Star poem journal established by Poem Academy of Fujian College Students, etc.

The second type refers to the journals established by poem societies or literature societies in colleges or universities. In this type, the earliest and most influential one was New Leaves (16mo in relief printing) established by New Leaves Literature Society in Liaoning Normal College in 1979 with Liu Xingyu, Dong Xueren and Lin Xue in the Department of Chinese Language as chief editors. The famous campus literature magazine mainly published poems and theoretical articles. The Poem Feature published in November 1982, because it published the most famous critic article of Xu Jingya Rising Poets (original version) and influential early poems of many misty poets, made great sensation in the arena of poets. 8 volumes of the magazine were published and it was deemed by the misty poets and college student poets at that time as the “best college student poet society journal in the 1980s”. Besides, the other influential society journals famous in the arena of college student poets included Heart of Compatriots poem journal and Maple literature magazine established by Heart of Compatriots Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Jilin University in 1979 with Xu Jingya, Wang Xiaoni and Lv Guipin as chief editors; Poem Land Journal (16mo in relief printing after printing) established by Fudan Poem Society with Xu Demin as chief editor; Summer Rain Island journal established by Summer Rain Poem Journal in Shanghai East China Normal University with Song Lin, Zhang Xiaobo and Yu Kuichao as chief editors; Weiming Lake literature journal established by May the Fourth Literature Society in Peking University; Gingko literature journal established by Gingko Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan University with Yu Jian as the chief editor; Plateau Poem Selection established by Gingko Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan University in 1983 with Yu Jian as the chief editor; Seven-color Rainbow poem journal established by Maple Poem Society in Renmin University of China with Cheng Baolin as chief editor; North Land poem journal (narrow 16mo in relief printing) established by North Land Poem Journal in Shanxi University with Lu Lu as chief editor; Big Dipper poem journal established by Big Dipper Literature Society of Harbin Normal University with Pan Xichen as chief editor; Ice Sail journal established by Ice Sail Poem Society in Heilongjiang University with Yang Chuanqing as chief editor; May poem journal (32mo in relief printing) established by Southwest Normal College with Hu Wanjun, Fu Tiecheng and Qiu Zhenglun as chief editors and Spring of Campus poem news (quarto in relief printing with 8 pages); River South poem journal (16mo in printing) established by Anhui Normal University Poem Society in 1983 with Shen Tianhong, Qian Yeyong, Yuan Chao and Zha Jielian as chief editor successively; Distance poem journal established by Distance Poem Society in Zhejiang Huzhou Junior Normal College with Yi Dian as chief editor; Red Candle poem journal(16mo in printing) established by One-Many Poem Society in Shandong University with Zhang Hongwei as chief editor; Riverside Poem News (octavo in relief printing with 4 pages) established by Riverside Poem Society in Shanghai University for Science and Technology in 1983 with Yi Fei as chief editor; Luojia Mountain poem journal established by Luojia Mountain Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University in 1979; Stones in Waves Literature Journal established by Stones in Waves Literature Society in Wuhan University in October 1982; Cloud Sail poem journal established by Cloud Sail Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Shandong University in 1981 with Yang Zhengguang as chief editor; Heaven Pool Poem Journal (16mo in relief printing) established by Heaven Pool Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Jilin Yanbian University in 1984 with Jin Zhenbao, Jia Zhijian, Zhang Wei, Meng Zhiqiang and Liu Jianmin, etc. as chief editors; Morning Boat poem journal with Tan Qisheng in Shanghai Tongji University as chief editor; Cradle poem journal established by Cradle Poem Society in Hubei Wuhan Huazhong Normal College with Wang Tianhai as chief editor; Red Candle poem journal established by Red Candle Poem Society in Hunan Normal University with Qi Xiaoyu as chief editor; Learning to Walk poem journal established by Learning to Walk Poem Society in Hunan Xiangtan University with Qing Youhua as chief editor; Morning Light poem journal established by Morning Light Poem Society in Shanxi Taiyuan Institute of Technology with Luo Dongping as chief editor; North Light poem journal established by North Light Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Northeast Normal University, with Zhou Chunlai as chief editor; Xinjiang People poem journal established by Xinjiang People Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Xinjiang University with Liu Feng as chief editor; Galaxy poem journal established by Galaxy Literature Society in Shanxi Taiyuan Mechanic College with Guo Jianjun as chief editor; Enlightening poem journal established by Enlightening Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Sichuan University with Ran Yongping as chief editor; Green Wave poem journal established by Green Wave Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Sichuan Southwest Normal University with Liu Dongming as chief editor; Star Grass poem journal established by Star Grass Poem Society in Hubei Jingzhou Junior Normal College with Zhu Yu as chief editor; Olive Branch poem journal established by Olive Branch Poem Society in Nanjing Jiangsu Police College with Zhou Yaping as chief editor; North Pole poem journal established by North Pole Poem Society in Jiangsu Nanjing Polytechnic College with Lu Song as chief editor; Stardust poem journal (16mo in memeograph) established by Stardust Poem Society in China University for Political Science and Law in 1984 with Li Qingsong and Liu Chunrui as chief editors; Ink Sea poem journal established by Ink Sea Poem Society in Hebei Coal College of Construction Engineering with Zheng Baozhang as chief editor; White Cloud poem journal established by the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan Jianghan University in 1984 with Chen Kai as chief editor; Campus Poem Wave poem journal established by Harbin Normal University Literature Association in 1986 with Huang Jinhui as chief editor; Wild Grass Poem Journal established by Wild Grass Poem Society in East China Jiaotong University in 1982 with Liu Xin as chief editor; Nen River poem journal established by Nen River Poem Society in Heilongjiang Qiqihaer Normal College with Bai Chengjun as chief editor; Feather Sail poem journal established by Feather Sail Poem Society in Henan University with Wu Yuancheng as chief editor; Luojia poem journal established by Luojia Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Wuhan University with Duan Songqiao as chief editor; Green Field poem journal established by Green Field Poem Society in Inner Mongolia Zhaomeng Junior Normal College with Zhang Guo as chief editor; Min River Wave poem journal established by Min River Wave Poem Society in Sichuan Aba Junior Normal College with Li Kangyun as chief editor; Morning Bell poem journal established by Morning Bell Poem Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Hebei University, and edited by Han Wenge; Solar Rain Poem Journal established by Solar Rain Poem Society in Shanghai University of Science and Technology and edited by Wang Keping; Sail Shadow poem journal established by Sail Shadow Poem Society in Hunan University; Zhengrong poem journal established by Zhengrong Poem Society in Shanghai University of Finance and Economics; Green Musical Instrument poem journal established by Green Musical Instrument Poem Society in Wuhan PLA Telecom College; Green Garden poem journal established by Green Garden Poem Society in Fujian College of Forestry; Riverside poem journal and Green Palm poem journal established by Riverside Poem Society in Shanghai Mechanic College; Cuckoo poem journal established by Cuckoo Poem Society in Jiangsu Huaiyin Junior Normal College; Golden Times literature and art journal established by Zhejiang Normal University; Colors poem journal established by Colors Poem Society in Tsinghua University; Rotating Ladder poem journal established by the Department of Chinese Language, Hunan University; Fragrant Grass literature journal established by Fragrant Grass Poem Society on Lingling Campus, Hunan Normal College; Thorns poem journal established by Thorns Poem Society in Heilongjiang Daqing Junior Normal College with Xu Xiaoyang as chief editor; Voice of Language poem journal established by Fudan Poem Society in Fudan University; Redbud Poem Selection established by Poem Society of Guangdong Sun Yat-sen University; Star Light campus literature journal established by Star Light Literature Society in Chongqing University in 1984; Yellow Sea Waves poem journal established by Yellow Sea Waves Poem Society in Jiangsu Yancheng Junior Normal College; Plough literature journal established by Plough Literature Society in the Department of Chinese Language, Yunnan University in 1980; East Land campus literature journal established by the Department of Chinese Language, Peking University; and Love Trend literature journal established by Love Trend Literature Society in Guangxi College for Nationalities in 1989, etc.

The third type refers to the poem news or periodicals established and operated by college student poets themselves. And one with the greatest influence was the Echo Wall Poem Journal (16mo in mimeograph) established by Feng Xincheng and Fei Ke in the Department of Chinese Language, Lanzhou University in 1982; Contemporary Poem Journal (16mo in mimeograph) established by Feng Xincheng in the Department of Chinese Language, Lanzhou University in 1984; Works No. 1 journal in mimeograph established by Wang Yin, Chen Dongdong and Lu Yimin in the Department of Chinese Language, Shanghai Normal University enrolled in 1980; Venus literature journal with Zang Di in the Department of Chinese Language of Peking University as chief editor; Rainbow poem journal established by Wan Xia, Li Xueming and Zhu Zhiyong in Sichuan Nanchong Normal College; Instance poem journal established by Li Yawei and Hu Yu in Sichuan Nanchong Normal College; Golden Shield Poem Journal established by Wan Xia, Li Yawei and Hu Yu; Rising Generation poem journal as well as Spring Mud poem journal and Earth Breaking poem journal established and mainly edited by Zhang Jiayan in the Department of Chinese Language, Guizhou University in October 1980; Subway poem journal established by Guizhou University in 1982; Horizontal Line poem journal established by Guizhou University in 1983; West China College Poems edited by Qi Jinmao in Gansu Lanzhou Northwest Normal College; Red Earth poem journal edited in chief by Huang Zhenping in Guangdong Ji’nan University Society Federation; As Human Being poem journal edited in chief by Li Kefu of Zhengzhou University; and Candle Light poem journal edited in chief by Mu Peijian in Guizhou Normal College.

Time flies fast. The scenery of college student poems in the 1980s is now what happened two decades ago. Looking back at the history of college student poems in the 1980s and reviewing the process of those college student poet making poems, we have to admit and confirm that it is necessary for us to give them fair and objective comments on them. They are the merit poets who have made outstanding contributions to the development and prosperity of new-styled Chinese poems. It is no doubt that the college student poets in the 1980s have made great efforts for the Chinese new-styled poems to make wonderful results and reached relatively mature stage. The college student poets made utmost efforts to explore and rejuvenate the new-styled Chinese poems. They were the first to introduce to the poem community in China the philosophy and skills of overseas modern poems, update the notion of composing poems in later generations, and enrich the experience of making poems of later-generation poets. They were the first to show their innovative thinking, probing spirit, critical awareness, avant-garde ideas and pioneering skills, thus bringing the later poets to the new level and height. So we should hold sincere gratitude to the college student poets in the 1980s, sum up the process of their composing poems. We will always remember the excellent contributions made by college student poets in the 1980s for the development of Chinese new-styled poems.

Author: Jiang Hongwei

Address: Organization Department, CPC Huzhong District Committee, Greater Khingan Prefecture, Heilongjiang Province, 165036

Tel: 0457-6698697 (Little Smart)

E-mail: hz_jhw@126.com

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